How to play Ice Hockey? Rules, Equipment, Game Tips and Tricks


Ice hockey is a game between two teams, each usually having 6 players, who wear skates and compete on an ice rink. The object is to propel a vulcanized rubber disk, the puck, past a goal line and into a net guarded by a goaltender, or goalie. With its speed and its frequent physical contact, ice hockey has become one of the most popular international sports. The game is an Olympic sport, and worldwide there are more than a million registered players performing regularly in leagues. It is perhaps Canada’s most popular game.

The most effective method to play Ice Hockey 

Ice Hockey begins with an initial go head to head before the game. The official meets both the group place players at the focal point of the ice and drops the puck between the two rival players. Both the middle strikers attempt to get ownership of the puck by battling for it. The group with the ownership of the puck is known as the assaulting group and the other group is known as the protecting group. 

Players and their Positioning 

The regular size of the ice hockey group recorded during the match is 20 players with 12 forward players (focus and wingers), 6 defensemen and 2 goaltenders with boundless replacements whenever during the play. The substitution of players can happen whenever during the play which is named as on-the-fly. 

In Ice Hockey, each group comprises six players in the arena. The players are situated on the arena as displayed in the image beneath. Every one of the players aside from the goaltender can circumvent the arena without any limits. The goaltender alone can’t skate across the middle red line. 

Positions in Hockey 

Each group is partitioned into four distinct fragments. The first of them is the middle. The player is situated at the focal point of the ice with the ownership of the puck. Alongside the middle player are the left and the traditional players to help the middle part in acquiring the ownership of the puck during going head to head. 

The Defense players line up behind the middle player to his left side and right side to deal with the puck during the play. The goaltender is situated before the objective. He is the most grounded of the group. He is dependable to impede the puck from arriving at the net and stop the other group to make objectives. 

Goaltenders and defensemen are fundamentally dependable to hinder the other cooperative individuals from scoring an objective though the advances (focus and winger players) are responsible to score objectives against the rival group. The goalkeepers challenge the adversary cooperative individuals and shoot the puck for a counterattack. 

Speedy Glimpse of the Game 

The assaulting group with six players claims the puck after going head to head and attempts to continue to pass the puck with their hockey adheres to the adversary group’s objective pen to score focuses. The adversary group called the protecting group attempts to hinder the puck from progressing into their objective confine. The assaulting and shielding groups continue to change jobs dependent on the ownership of the puck. The group’s change closes after the second and then third-time frame game. 

The wingers give in full help in shooting the puck while the defensemen stay two by two on the left and right-hand side assuming responsibility for the puck when different players neglect to do as such. 

The three key rules of ice hockey that can limit the development of the puck are offside, icing, and puck out of play. A player is supposed to be “offside” if he passes the other group’s zone before the pass of the puck to their zone. Icing is said to happen when the puck is hit by the protecting group across the middle red line and the objective line on the double without contact with some other player’s hockey stick. The puck is supposed to be “Out of play” when it disappears from the ice arena and quickly stops the game. 

Dealing with the Stick and Moving the Punk 

Ice hockey is connected to moving the puck with the hockey stick. Both these indispensable abilities are required for the players on the ice to assume responsibility for the puck and advance it to the next group’s objective just by coasting through the ice arena. The middle skater having the ownership of the puck needs to skate in with the adversaries and above all without losing the ownership of the puck. The other cooperative people make free spaces for the puck transporter and attempt to set up a scoring opportunity playing against the goaltender to make an objective. 

Ice hockey players generally have superb skating abilities at last in the game. At the point when the puck is presented the players skating capacity drops off as they need to adjust themselves on the skates and keep the puck moving with their sticks. 

For the player to keep up coordination between his head and eye alongside keeping the puck on the stick, some basic guidelines are followed − 

1. Hand Positioning

Appropriate hand situating is the way to keep the puck in play. Players need to have a solid grasp over the stick from the lead hand and a delicate hold from the base for simple admittance to the puck. A significant method close by situating is known as Soft hands. 

2. Stick Blade Positioning

The hockey stick edge situating is another significant strategy to control the puck. The sharp edge development ought to be upheld by the heel and toe position. While moving the puck, the edge should clear the surface to and fro easily without moving the puck. 

3.Head Positioning

With the ideal head-up position the player can peruse the playing climate precisely and fosters a view vision of which assists the player with responding in a base measure of time. 

4.Puck control

It is the craft of having the puck against rival players in the arena. It is obligatory for every one of the players and significantly the puck transporter to deal with the puck and support it until another player is available to propel the puck. The best method to hold the responsibility for the puck is the point at which the player moves in the middle of the puck and a defenseman, the player utilizes his arms to keep the defenseman away and utilizes the stick to deal with the puck. The present circumstance happens generally close to the corners, adjoining the sheets of the arena, and all around the objective confinement region. 


In Ice Hockey, the game is played on a point-based scoring structure. The primary target of the skaters is to score objectives to get focus dependent on the objectives made by the group. The group scoring the most noteworthy number of focuses is pronounced victor of the game. Aside from objectives, the groups get focuses on an Assist. Typically help is credited to two players of the objective making group the player who contacts, passes, hits, or diverts the puck and this present player’s development upholds the forward to make an objective. The defensemen who acquire help will get one point added to the aggregate. 

An objective in this game is scored when the puck is hit across the objective line and is put in the objective confine crossing the blockages by the other group’s goaltender. One point is granted for the group that scored an objective. 

On the off chance that a player attempts to kick or toss the puck into the objective confine without the utilization of the hockey stick. 

If the scoring group has over six players on the arena at the hour of objective. 

If the goaltender hits the puck into the rival’s objective pen crossing the middle red line. 

On the off chance that the objective confine has been unstuck at the hour of the objective. 

On the off chance that the rival cooperative people discourage the goaltender from hindering the objective. 

There are numerous kinds of objectives made by the major parts in Ice Hockey however the focus granted for every single objective is something very similar. 

Indeed, even strength objective − It is scored when both the groups are with six players each on the ice. 

In need of help objective (SHG) − It is made by a group during punishment execute played by a group with less number of players because of punishment to the cooperative people. 

Strategic maneuver objective (PPG) − It is hit by a group during strategic maneuver which is played by a group with more players if one of the cooperative people gets punished. 

Own objective − It is scored when a player shoots the puck into their net however point is granted for the other group 

Void net objective (ENG) − It is scored when the goaltender isn’t guarding the net because of replacement for an extra forward player. 

Extra shot objective − It is made during an extra shot, between an assaulting player and the other group goalkeeper because of a punishment. 


In this game infringement of rules brings about a punishment either to a player or the group, influencing the entire play. At the point when a player is forced with a punishment, the player needs to go to the punishment box and his group needs to proceed with the play with five players on the ice for a specific measure of time. The punishments are being named major and minor punishments. Minor punishments are normally coordinated for two minutes though the significant punishments are planned for five minutes relying on the foul made by the players. The punished group is named as “under-staffed” in the other hand the group acquiring from punishment is on a “strategic maneuver.” 

Minor Penalties 

A two-minute punishment is forced on a player when he impedes a rival player by the accompanying practices and no replacement is permitted on the ice and the punished group is on the under-staffed play. 

  1. Kneeing 
  2. Snaring with the stick 
  3. Elbowing 
  4. Meddling another player who has no puck 
  5. Slicing with the stick, holding with hands 
  6. Skewering with the hockey stick 
  7. Over six players on the ice 
  8. High staying (harming the adversary players head and face region) 
  9. Roughing (Physical battles of the players on the ice) 
  10. Cross-checking (whipping an adversary with a stick) 

A 4-minute twofold minor punishment is charged upon the player if the adversary player overflowed out blood from the punishment injury. The punishment is said to end if the punished group scores an objective during in need of help play. 

Significant Penalties 

A 5-minute punishment is forced on a player when he battles on the ice with the adversary player and no replacement is permitted. Generally, a significant punishment is charged as an augmentation to a minor punishment if the adversary has been absolutely and intentionally harmed in battles or hit on the head and face region.

The Rules Of Ice Hockey

Shutting hand on the puck

Any player, other than a goaltender, who gets a puck should promptly thump or spot it back down to the ice. Any infringement of this will bring about a two-minute minor.


All players take upset situations around one of five go head-to-head circles on the ice. Just two players are permitted inside the circle during the faceoff. The area of the faceoff is dictated by the reason for the last stoppage in play.

Deferral Of Game

The accompanying activities will bring about a two-minute minor punishment for deferral of the game:

Purposely shooting or batting the puck outside the playing region

Purposely uprooting the objective from its ordinary position

Inability to give the appropriate number of players on the ice surface after notice from an authority or for making an illicit replacement

Playing the puck with a high-stick.

At the point when a rival bats a puck out of the air with a stick above shoulder stature, play will be halted and a faceoff will result. An objective scored by a puck that connected with a stick that was over the stature of the objective crossbar will be prohibited.

Good to beat all

Icing is the point at which a player in his group’s side of the red community line destroys the puck as far as possible on the ice and it crosses the red objective line anytime (other than the objective). Icing isn’t allowed when groups are at equivalent strength or on the strategic maneuver. At the point when this happens, play is halted and the puck is gotten back to the opposite finish of the ice for a go head to head in the culpable group’s zone. Good to beat all not called:

If the goalie leaves the wrinkle to play the puck, regardless of whether he doesn’t contact the puck

If an authority administers a rival player might have played the puck before it crossed the red objective line

An authority may forgo off the icing call on the off chance that he considers it was an endeavored pass


A group is offside when any individual from the assaulting group goes before the puck over the shielding group’s blueline. The situation of the player’s skate and not that of his stick is the deciding element. On the off chance that the two skates are over the blue line before the puck, the player is offside. On the off chance that he has just one skate over the blue line and one on it, he is onside.

Additional time

Any ordinary season game that closes guideline play with a tie score will go into a five-minute unexpected passing additional time. On the off chance that toward the finish of that additional period the game remaining parts are tied, the game will then, at that point go into a shootout. During the end of the season games, there won’t be a shootout and extra periods will be 20 minutes long.


Player activities that disregard the standards of the game might be given punishments at the watchfulness of the authorities. Punishments are characterized into three classes: minor, major, and unfortunate behavior. For a minor punishment, players are needed to serve two minutes in the punishment box while their group plays under-staffed. A minor punishment will lapse if the rival group scores while on the strategic maneuver. Significant punishments require a player to serve five minutes in the punishment box and just terminate toward the finish of that time. Offense punishments differ long.

Extra Shots

An extra shot is granted when a player is pulled down from behind on a breakaway scoring opportunity or when the net is purposely removed by a contradicting goaltender or defenseman.

Strategic maneuvers

At the point when one group has a larger number of players on the ice than the other group, one player is serving a punishment.


Any standard season game that closes additional time play with a tie score will go into a shootout. A shootout is a progression of extra shots wherein each group is permitted three endeavors to score in substituting style. On the off chance that after three endeavors the groups stay tied, the shootout will keep on exchanging shots until one group neglects to coordinate with the endeavor of the other. The champ of the shootout will be granted one objective.


The fundamental gear needed to play Ice Hockey is the Puck and the Hockey Stick. Also, many other gears are talked about beneath.

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1. The Puck

It is a three-dimensional round puck made of dark vulcanized elastic material. It normally gauges around 80 to 85mm in breadth and 25 to 30 mm in thickness. The puck for the most part weighs from 1 to 1.5kg. It likewise has a defensive covering of 2mm in thickness on the external side.

2. Hockey Stick

It is fundamentally made of wood and graphite and is 150 to 200cm long with level flat augmentation known as a sharp edge. The cutting edge is situated at a point of 135o, making the hockey stick resemble the letter set ‘L’. The cutting edge is 25 to 40 cm long and is somewhat bowed toward the finish to empower the player to hold the puck on the arena. The elements of hockey stick differ from one player to another contingent on his stature. The goalie’s hockey stick has a more extensive edge with a more modest point situating contrasted with the skater’s hockey sticks to make it helpful to hinder the puck close to the objective enclosures.

3. Cap

An Ice hockey head protector accompanies a discretionary face confine and is compulsory for every one of the players. These protective caps are comprised of a firm anyway adaptable thermoplastic external, with solid stun spongy cushioning within to stay away from the head and facial wounds.

4. Mouth Guard

It is worn to stay away from teeth, jaw wounds from thump downs, and falls. A specially crafted plastic mouth watch is compulsory for the players on the ice.

5. Neck Guard

It accompanies external nylon plates and internal cushioning as an injury safe for the two skaters and goalies to keep away from wounds on the neck and throat regions.

6. Shoulder and Arm Pads

It is vital hardware with hard external plastic and stuns retaining froth inside. It gives the players a wide carried look. These cushions mostly watch the shoulders, chest, spine, and ribs in the event of a crash between skaters in the play.

7. Elbow Pads

They monitor the elbow joints, upper, lower arms, and lower arms from breaks.

8. Gloves

Hand gloves made with calfskin with thick cushioning cloth assists with shielding player’s fingers and hands from solid effects on the arena.

9. Shin cushions

The knee and leg calf defender with solid plastic external to protect against skates, sticks, pucks, and different wounds. Accessible in various size scales dependent on the player’s tallness and leg estimations.

10. Hockey Socks

somewhat unique concerning the first socks, ice hockey socks are made out of weaved fleece without the foot bit to cover the shin cushions. Foot segment of the major part in this game is utilized to adjust the skates.

11. Jersey

A nylon material-free hued shirt with hued sideboards is worn by every one of the players. Typically the player’s name and number are referenced by his group tone.

12. Skates

Skates are composed of three parts: a boot, a blade holder, and a steel blade. The boot is made of leather, nylon, or molded plastic. The surface of the steel blade is not flat, but curved inward. The sharpening process carves out the center of the blade, leaving two sharp surfaces. Keeping your skates sharp helps maneuverability and prevents you from catching your blade on the ice, which can lead to leg and knee injuries. Brand-name skates are your best bet. Make sure the skate has a well-constructed heel and ankle support. Wear only one pair of socks; bulky socks can hinder the snug fit of a boot.

13. Chest and arm defender

Goaltenders need to put on a thick froth cushioned chest and arms watch stretched out to the midsection and tied with the hockey jeans to guarantee consistent assurance to the goalie’s lower arms, biceps, ribs, and mid-region.

14. Blocker

Goaltenders need to wear blockers on one hand to hold the hockey stick. These rectangular cushioned gloves are utilized to impede the pucks and ricochet them back on the ice.

15. Catch glove or catcher

Goaltenders put on gloves generally thicker than typical calfskin gloves then again to hinder the puck by holding a quick shot.

16. Leg Pads

Goaltenders’ most recognizable hardware on the ice is the totally level confronted, broadly froth cushioned leg cushions. These cushions are worn by goaltenders on top of their shin cushions for extra security and to properly impede the puck with these cushions.

17. Hockey pants 

Most hockey pants today are fabricated with cushions worked inside to cover and secure the hips, thighs, kidneys, and tailbone. Appropriately fitted jeans can keep your cushions from sliding strangely and presenting a region to injury. Your supporter belt, which is utilized to hold your jeans up, ought to be checked as often as possible for mileage. 

18. Leg protector 

Great leg protector have a knee cap cushion, fold-over cushioning to cover the sides of the knee, and wide side folds. Ensure they are not very cumbersome and the length is right. 

19. Goalie gear 

As a goalie, you should be prepared to stop slap shots of up to 100 mph. The goalie’s gear weighs roughly one-fourth of their body weight. 

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A goalie head protector and the cover are normally made of fiberglass or KevlarT, the very material that tactical armor carriers are made of. Covers can be structure-fitted to coordinate with the shapes of your face, or you can utilize a confine and head protector blend. For more youthful goalies, the pen and cap offer more assurance. Most veils have a diverter cushion that hangs down from the jawline, securing the neck and throat. 

The fresher goalie cushions are made of engineered materials that are more grounded, lighter, and less spongy than the old calfskin cushions, yet offer amazing assurance. Goalies require additional assurance, particularly around the arms, thighs, and tailbone. Unique leg cushions are worn, for assurance, yet additionally to give the goalie an extra obstructing surface. There are limitations on the width of leg cushions, again relying on fair and square of play. 

The goalie additionally wears two unique gloves. The glove resembles a first baseman’s glove. It has plentiful cushioning around the wrist and hand to secure against cuts and wounds. The strike glove is a level rectangular cushion made of calfskin and generally covered with fiberglass. The palm of this glove is slim, permitting the goalie to keep a stronghold on the stick. 

The goalie stick is generally made of wood with a bigger edge, estimating around three inches wide. This takes into account a more noteworthy shot-obstructing surface. 

Pragmatic tips 

Penny-squeezing isn’t astute with regards to purchasing great security. Go to a legitimate outdoor supplies store that sells guaranteed brand names. On the off chance that you will purchase utilized gear, look at it cautiously. Give the gear a shot and ensure everything fits appropriately. Wounds happen when baggy hardware slides far removed of an approaching puck. 

Keep your stuff efficient and put away in a very much ventilated, dry region. Check your hardware often for early indications of mileage. Cause those fundamental fixes before you get out on the ice.